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2 mins Read | 3 Months Ago

Short-Term Fixed Deposit Vs Long-Term Fixed Deposit

Short-Term Fixed Deposit Vs Long-


Achieving financial goals in life is important for everyone. Whether it is buying a dream home, funding your child's education, planning for a comfortable retirement or going on a dream vacation, smart financial planning is the key. Fixed Deposit (FD) is a reliable and secure investment, providing stability and assured returns. Let us learn more about FD and understand why it is an excellent investment.

Understanding the basics

A short-term FD is an investment with a maturity period ranging from 7 days to 91 days. ICICI Bank provides attractive interest rates for these shorter durations, making them an ideal choice for those seeking quicker returns on their investments. Conversely, a long-term FD has a tenure extending beyond 12 months, reaching up to 10 years. This option caters to individuals with a more extended investment horizon and a willingness to lock in their funds for a substantial period.

Comparing Interest Rates

ICICI Bank offers competitive interest rates for short-term FDs, with rates varying based on the deposit tenure. For instance, a 7-day to 91-day deposit will yield a different rate compared to a 1-year deposit. These rates provide flexibility for investors looking for varying tenures.

For those considering long-term FDs, ICICI Bank offers higher interest rates. As the investment horizon increases, generally the returns follow suit. The rates are structured to reward individuals committed to a more extended relationship with the Bank.

Benefits of Short-Term FDs

Explore the advantages of short-term FDs with these key benefits:

  • Quick liquidity

    They offer quick access to funds, making them suitable for those who may need liquidity in the short term.

  • Interest Rate flexibility

    With varying rates for different durations, investors can choose the tenure that aligns with their financial goals.

  • Opportunity for reinvestment

    Upon maturity, you can reinvest your funds at the prevailing interest rates or make necessary adjustments based on changing financial conditions.

Drawbacks of Short-Term FDs

Consider these limitations before investing in short-term FDs:

  • Lower Interest Rates

    While short-term FDs offer quick liquidity, the trade-off is lower interest rates compared to their long-term counterparts. Investors looking for substantial returns might find these rates less attractive.

  • Reinvestment risk

    Upon maturity, investors face the challenge of reinvesting their funds at prevailing interest rates. If rates have decreased, reinvesting may result in lower returns than initially anticipated.

  • Limited wealth accumulation

    Short-term investments may not provide the same level of wealth accumulation as long-term options. For those with significant financial goals, relying solely on short-term FDs may hinder long-term wealth growth.

Benefits of Long-Term FDs

Unveil the key benefits of investing in long-term FDs:

  • Higher interest earnings

    They provide higher interest rates, enhancing the overall returns on your investment compared to shorter tenures.

  • Stable returns

    By opting for a longer tenure, you benefit from stable and predictable returns, reducing the impact of market fluctuations.

  • Financial planning

    They are suitable for long-term financial goals like purchasing a home or planning for your retirement, offering a disciplined approach to saving.

Drawbacks of Long-Term FDs

Assess these potential downsides before committing to long-term FDs:

  • Reduced liquidity

    They lack the liquidity of their short-term counterparts. Investors commit their funds for an extended period, limiting access to their capital in case of unexpected financial needs.

  • Interest Rate rigidity

    While long-term FDs offer higher interest rates, they lock investors into a specific rate for the entire tenure. If interest rates rise during the tenure, investors miss out on potential increased returns.

  • Opportunity cost

    The extended lock-in period might result in an opportunity cost, especially if market conditions change or better investment opportunities arise. Investors might miss out on higher returns available in more dynamic investment options.

Considerations for Investors

Explore these crucial factors when choosing the right investment:

  • Risk tolerance

    Short-term investments are generally less exposed to market risks compared to long-term ones. If you prefer lower risk and quick liquidity, short-term FDs might align better with your risk tolerance.

  • Financial Goals

    Align the tenure of your FD with your financial goals. If you have short-term objectives like a vacation or buying a gadget, short-term FDs may be more suitable. For long-term goals like education or home purchase, long-term FD offers stability.

  • Interest Rate outlook

    Consider prevailing FD interest rates and the economic outlook. If rates are expected to rise, locking into a long-term deposit might be beneficial. Conversely, if rates are high, short-term reinvestment opportunities could be lucrative.

Balancing Short-Term and Long-Term FDs

Maximise benefits by strategically balancing short-term and long-term FD investments:

  • Diversification

    A balanced investment portfolio often includes both short-term and long-term FDs. This diversification can mitigate the drawbacks of each, providing stability, liquidity and reasonable returns.

  • Goal-specific allocation

    Allocate funds to short-term or long-term FDs based on specific financial goals. Short-term deposits can cater to immediate needs, while long-term deposits align with goals like education or retirement planning.

  • Periodic review

    Regularly reassess your financial goals, market conditions and interest rate trends. Periodic reviews empower investors to make informed decisions about renewing or reallocating their FD investments.


Here are the key differences between short-term and long-term FDs:


Short-Term FDs

Long-Term FDs

Investment Period

Typically 7 days to 91 days

Over 12 months to 10 years

Interest Rates

Generally lower compared to long-term FDs

Higher interest rates, providing better returns over time


Offers quick liquidity, allowing access to funds

Limited liquidity due to the extended lock-in period

Reinvestment Risk

Face the challenge of reinvesting at potentially lower rates

Locked into a fixed interest rate for the entire tenure

Wealth Accumulation

May not contribute significantly to long-term wealth growth

Provides an opportunity for substantial wealth accumulation

Opportunity Cost

Lower opportunity cost as funds can be reinvested sooner

Higher opportunity cost due to the extended lock-in period


Provides flexibility to respond to changing market conditions

Offers less flexibility and premature withdrawal may incur penalties

Goal Alignment

Suited for short-term financial goals and immediate needs

Aligned with long-term goals like education or retirement planning

Risk Tolerance

Lower risk due to shorter tenure and flexibility

Moderate risk due to a more extended lock-in and rate rigidity

The long and short of FDs

When it comes to Fixed Deposits, it is essential to align your investment strategy with your financial goals and time horizon. ICICI Bank offers competitive interest rates, especially for senior citizens, providing a secure avenue for wealth preservation. Presently, with interest rates reaching up to 7.75% per annum, ICICI Bank FDs are certainly worth looking up. Whether opting for a short-term FD or a long-term FD, the reliability of ICICI Bank's offerings makes them a trusted companion in uncertain times, providing assured and guaranteed returns.

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