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2 mins Read | 6 Months Ago

What are Large Cap Mutual Funds?

High dividend-paying stocks & Mutual Fund schemes


Investing in the stock market can be a complex process, mostly for those new to the world of finance. You may have come across a term called ‘Large-cap Mutual Funds’. But what does this mean and why should you consider investing in them? This blog aims to explore Large-cap Mutual Funds, explaining their features, benefits and how they work.

Understanding Large-cap Mutual Funds

Large-cap Mutual Funds are equity funds that invest in companies with large market capitalisations. These are highly-reputed companies known for their stable performance and consistent wealth generation over long periods.

The term 'large-cap' is derived from 'large market capitalisation' with 'cap' short for capitalisation. In India, according to the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI), large-cap companies are ranked in the top 100 in terms of market capitalisation.

Why invest in Large-cap Mutual Funds?

Large-cap Mutual Funds are known for investing in financially stable companies with large market capitalisations, offering lower risks and steady returns. These funds not only provide a diversified investment option but also offer tax efficiency and are particularly suited for long-term growth. Let's get to know why large-cap Mutual Funds can be a smart addition to your investment strategy.

  • Lower risks

    Large-cap Mutual Funds invest in financially strong companies, making them less likely to be affected by market volatilities compared to mid-cap or small-cap funds.

  • Steady returns

    These funds are known for providing stable but lower returns compared to more volatile equity funds.

  • Diversification

    Large-cap Mutual Funds offer diversification within your investment portfolio, which can be vital in managing risks.

  • Tax efficiency

    Being equity funds, large-cap Mutual Funds are subject to capital gains tax, which is usually more favourable compared to the taxation on income from Fixed Deposits or Savings Accounts.

  • Long-term growth

    These funds are suited for long-term growth, making them an ideal choice for investors looking to build wealth over time.

Key features of Large-cap Mutual Funds

Large-cap Mutual Funds are known for offering stability and reliability, primarily investing in blue-chip stocks known for their market flexibility. Offering benefits like regular dividends, suitability for long-term financial goals and high liquidity, large-cap Mutual Funds are a wise choice for investors seeking a balanced approach to wealth creation. Let's explore the key features of large-cap Mutual Funds:

  • Stability

    Large-cap Mutual Funds are less likely to be affected by market fluctuations, offering more stability compared to other equity funds.

  • Dividends

    Many large-cap Mutual Funds provide regular dividends, thus making it ideal for those seeking a steady income stream.

  • Suitable for long-term goals

    These funds are suitable for long-term financial goals like retirement planning, etc.

  • Investment in blue-chip stocks

    Large-cap funds invest in blue-chip stocks, which are stocks of well-established companies with a good track record.

  • High liquidity

    The stocks of large-cap companies are frequently traded, providing high liquidity to the investors.

How do Large-cap Mutual Funds work?

Large-cap Mutual Funds pool money from various investors to purchase a diversified portfolio of large-cap (blue-chip) stocks. These funds are managed by professional fund managers who allocate assets to optimise returns while balancing the risks. The performance of these funds is often benchmarked against a market index like the S&P BSE 100.

How to invest in Large-cap Mutual Funds?

Whether you prefer direct investment, an online platform, professional guidance or a systematic approach, there are multiple options to explore. Here's a brief overview of the methods you can use to start investing in Large-cap Mutual Funds:

  • Direct investment

    Investors can directly invest in these funds through asset management companies.

  • Online platforms

    Various online platforms provide easy access to Mutual Fund investments, including large-cap funds.

  • Financial advisors

    Investors can also seek advice from financial advisors for tailored investment strategies.

  • Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs)

    SIPs allow investors to invest a fixed amount regularly, making it a disciplined approach to investing.

Who should invest?

Large-cap Mutual Funds are best suited for the following:

  • Long-term investors

    Those with an investment horizon of 5-7 years or more.

  • Risk-averse investors

    Individuals who prefer stability and lower risk in their equity investments.

  • Retirement planning

    Investors looking for reliable growth for their retirement corpus.

Risks and returns

While Large-cap Mutual Funds are safer than mid-cap and small-cap funds, they are not entirely risk-free. Market conditions can still affect the fund's performance but to a lesser extent. It's essential to understand these risks and align them with your risk tolerance.

Tax implications

Understanding the tax implications is an important aspect of investing in Large-cap Mutual Funds, as it directly affects your returns. In India, such investments are subject to specific tax rules, including Short-Term Capital Gains Tax, Long-Term Capital Gains Tax and Dividend Distribution Tax. Let's understand how they impact your investments in Large-cap Mutual Funds, enhancing your financial planning and decision-making process.

  • Short-Term Capital Gains Tax (STCG)

    For units sold within a year, gains are taxed at the rate of 15%.

  • Long-Term Capital Gains Tax (LTCG)

    For units held for more than a year, gains are taxed at the rate of 10% on the returns that are over Rs 1 lakh without indexation benefits.

  • Dividend Distribution Tax (DDT)

    DDT is deducted by fund houses before distributing dividends to investors.

Large-cap Mutual Funds offer a mix of stability, potential for growth and lower risk, making them an attractive investment option for many. They are suitable for investors with a long-term perspective and a conservative risk appetite. However, like any investment, it's important to do thorough research and consider your financial goals and risk tolerance before investing.
By understanding the basics of Large-cap Mutual Funds, you can make informed decisions and find a valuable addition to your investment portfolio.

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